International (non-EU) students
International students from outside the European Union (EU) made up approximately 60 per cent of all full-time entrants to taught masters programmes. This proportion has increased slightly over the past decade, but a stronger trend is the change in where those students come from, which has included an increasing dependence on Chinese students.
The share of students on taught masters who come from China increased from 12 to 26 per cent between 2007-08 and 2015-16, while the share from other international (non-EU) countries declined from 42 to 34 per cent over the same period.
In part this reflects strong growth in the number of Chinese students, of whom there were 32,500 who started taught masters programmes in 2015-16. This means that there are currently similar numbers of Chinese and UK masters students, although increased participation of UK students as a result of the postgraduate loan system is likely to change this.
However, there have been large falls in the number of entrants from some other key international markets. The number of Indian entrants to taught postgraduate degrees fell by 11 per cent to 4,800 in 2015-16 compared to the previous year, while the number of Nigerian entrants fell by 20 per cent to 3,500. The latter means that the United States became the third largest market for taught postgraduate students in 2015-16, with Nigeria now the fourth largest.
For postgraduate research degrees, there was a decline of 7.3 per cent (700 students) in entrants from non-EU countries in 2015-16 compared with the previous year. Overall, and unlike on taught masters programmes, research students are most likely to be from the UK. In 2015-16, 56 per cent of entrants to postgraduate research degrees were from the UK, 14 per cent were from elsewhere in the EU and 30 per cent were from non-EU countries. These proportions have been broadly unchanged over the past decade.