The data we use
The calculation of teaching funding grants is based on data supplied by institutions in two data collection surveys. We verify these data against Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) data and Individualised Learner Record (ILR) submissions.
Institutions receive funding for research activity based on the HESA data, both the student record and the finance record.
In addition to this, data is becoming increasingly important in non-financial areas. Examples of this would be the Destination of Leavers from Higher Education (DLHE) and the Key Information Set (KIS).
Assessing the data
We ensure that data is fit for purpose in a mix of ways:
- Data audit
We audit statistical surveys, and in some cases HESA and ILR data, to ensure that the rules on how to populate the returns set out in publications have been applied correctly. This ensures that an institution making an invalid submission does not obtain funding to which it is not entitled.
- Data verification
The Data Assurance team carries out data verification on HESA and ILR data during the period of data cleansing before formal sign-off or submission of data to HESA or the Skills Funding Agency.
The purpose of this work is to highlight to institutions areas where data is looking to have an effect on the funding position of the institution. We aim to help institutions ensure their data is accurate at the time of submission and fit for purpose for funding. We highlight areas where data is looking odd with the expectation that the institution reviews the data to ensure it is correct. This should reduce the need for changes to data post submission, which is both costly and time-consuming for institutions and for HEFCE, and results in additional uncertainty over funding.
- Data reconciliation
As part of our work to monitor the data that universities and colleges supply we carry out 'funding data reconciliations'. These compare data returned to HEFCE with HESA or ILR data.
A key part of our overall data assurance framework includes our expectation that institutional data will be subject to effective oversight by governors, managers and auditors within institutions.
We now require Audit Committees to provide their own annual assurances about the management and quality assurance of data submitted to funding bodies. Further information can be found in the Memorandum of Assurance and Accountability.
We have also published guidance for Audit Committees on the scope of their work in providing data assurance.