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Contents

  • Executive summary
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Process and key elements of a carbon management strategy and plan
  • 3: Measuring carbon performance
  • 4: Other sources of guidance and support
  • Appendix A: Conversion factors
  • Appendix B: Examples of Marginal Abatement Cost Curves
  • Appendix C: Carbon offsetting
  • Appendix D: Fiscal incentives
  • List of abbreviations

Preface

This document was updated in September 2010 after an error was discovered in the original research by SQWSee note 1. In particular, the changes affect the baseline figures and Table 1-2.

Executive summary

Purpose

1. This document provides good practice guidance for institutions on producing individual carbon reduction strategies, targets and associated carbon management plans.

Key points

2. From 2011, HEFCE capital allocations will be linked to carbon reduction. Higher education institutions (HEIs) in England are required to develop individual carbon reduction strategies, targets and associated carbon management plans.

3. HEIs' carbon management plans are required to include:

  1. A carbon management policy or strategy – this could be part of a wider environmental/sustainability policy.
  2. A carbon baseline for 2005See note 2 that covers all scope 1 and 2 emissions. This year is being used as a baseline because it is used for reporting against UK targets, and the SQW reportSee note 3 demonstrated that robust data for scope 1 and 2 is available for that year at institutional level. This will provide consistency across the sector against which progress can be monitored and reported. Institutions are encouraged to measure a baseline for scope 3 emissions and in the longer term we will expect these to be included.
  3. Carbon reduction targets. These must:
    • cover scope 1 and 2 emissions, although institutions may choose to set additional targets for wider aspects
    • be set against a 2005 baseline. Institutions may choose to set their reductions in context by setting additional targets against an alternative baseline year
    • be set against a 2005 baseline. Institutions may choose to set their reductions in context by setting additional targets against an alternative baseline year
    • be set to 2020, because this is the timescale for interim government targets. This will provide consistency across the sector against which progress can be monitored and reported. Institutions may also set interim milestones
    • be publicly available.
  4. An implementation plan to achieve absolute carbon emission reductions across scopes 1, 2 and 3 including timescales and resources. These may cover capital projects and actions to embed carbon management within the institution, for example, through corporate strategy, communication and training.
  5. Clear responsibilities for carbon management.
  6. A commitment to monitor progress towards targets regularly and to report publicly annually.
  7. The carbon management plan and targets must be signed off by the governing body.

Action required

4. As part of the second Capital Investment Framework, HEIs will be asked in June 2010 to confirm that they have carbon management plans which meet the requirements detailed above. Further information on the second Capital Investment Framework is contained in 'Capital Investment Framework: consultation on the assessment process' (HEFCE 2009/48).


Notes

  1. 'Research into a carbon reduction target and strategy for Higher Education in England: a report to HEFCE' (SQW Energy, SQW Consulting, July 2009) can be read on the HEFCE web-site.
  2. All baselines mentioned in this report are measured on an academic year. For example, a 1990 baseline measures emissions from August 1990 to July 1991 and a 2005 baseline measures emissions from August 2005 to July 2006.
  3. The World Resources Institute developed a classification of emission sources around three 'scopes': 'scope 1' emissions are direct emissions that occur from sources owned or controlled by the organisation, for example emissions from combustion in owned or controlled boilers/furnaces/vehicles; 'scope 2' accounts for emissions from the generation of purchased electricity consumed by the organisation; 'scope 3' covers all other indirect emissions which are a consequence of the activities of the organisation, but occur from sources not owned or controlled by the organisation – for example, commuting and procurement.
  4. In October 2008 consultants SQW were commissioned to undertake work to develop a carbon reduction target and strategy for HE in England. Key aspects of the report are included in 'Carbon reduction target and strategy for higher education in England' (HEFCE 2010/01), available on the HEFCE web-site. The full report 'Research into a carbon reduction target and strategy for higher education in England: a report to HEFCE' is available.

Downloads

Please note that the following amendment was made on 30 September 2010:
This document was updated in September 2010 after an error was discovered in the original research by SQW. In particular, the changes affect the baseline figures and Table 1-2.

Report

[ Download the Download Carbon management strategies and plans: A guide to good practice as Adobe PDF 511K as PDF (510 KB) | Download the Download Carbon management strategies and plans: A guide to good practice as MS Word 1.48K as MS Word (1,521 KB) ]

Please note that the following amendment was made on 30 September 2010:
This document was updated in September 2010 after an error was discovered in the original research by SQW. In particular, the changes affect the baseline figures and Table 1-2.

Report

[ Download the Download Carbon management strategies and plans: A guide to good practice as Adobe PDF 511K as PDF (510 KB) | Download the Download Carbon management strategies and plans: A guide to good practice as MS Word 1.48K as MS Word (1,521 KB) ]

View all downloads

Date: 1 January 2010

Ref: HEFCE 2010/02

Of interest to those
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Senior management, Estates, Finance