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Executive Summary

Further analysis

Strategy and infrastructure

Research-based interactions

Facilities and equipment

Intellectual property income and expenditure

Numbers of disclosures and patents

Numbers of licences

Spin-offs and staff start-ups

Graduate start-ups

Social enterprises

Estimated employment, turnover and external investment in spin-offs, start-ups and social enterprises

Social, community and cultural activities

Regeneration and development

Continuing professional development and continuing education

Annex A: Summary data by UK, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Comparisons between UK nations

Annex B: IP-related international comparisons

Further notes on Table 8 data

List of abbreviations

Date: 12 October 2017

Ref: 2017/23

To: Heads of HEFCE-funded higher education institutions

Of interest to those
responsible for:

Knowledge exchange; Innovation; Enterprise and entrepreneurship; Interactions between higher education and business, public and third sectors; Contract and collaborative research; Continuing professional development; Public engagement; Strategic planning; Economic development

Enquiries should be directed to:

Hamish McAlpine, Senior Policy Adviser (Knowledge Exchange), tel 0117 931 7293, email